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1. During the absorptive state, glucose levels are ________, insulin levels are ________, and glucagon levels ________.
 
 
 
 

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2. Starvation sets in after 3 to 4 days without food. Which hormones change in response to low glucose levels?
 
 
 
 

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3. The postabsorptive state relies on stores of ________ in the ________.
 
 
 
 

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4. Critical Thinking: In type II diabetes, insulin is produced but is nonfunctional. These patients are described as “starving in a sea of plenty,” because their blood glucose levels are high, but none of the glucose is transported into the cells. Describe how this leads to malnutrition.

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5. Critical Thinking: Ketone bodies are used as an alternative source of fuel during starvation. Describe how ketones are synthesized.

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